Vietnamese farmers spraying rice field with pesticide. The rich rice fields of South Vietnam. Image of manual device used to grind or pound rice into rice meal. Mining raw materials. Image of Vietnamese tapping rubber trees and harvest of rubber latex sap from Para rubber tree. Latex processing plant in South Vietnam.
President Dwight D. Eisenhower at Gettysburg College. In his Convocation Address on April 4, 1959 he stated: We have learned, too, that the costs of defending freedom–of defending America–must be paid in many forms and in many places. They are assessed in all parts of the world- in Berlin, in Viet-Nam, in the Middle East–here at home. Unassisted, Viet-Nam cannot at this time produce and support the military formations essential to it. Military as well as economic help is currently needed in Viet-Nam.
By 1960 every area of South Vietnam had become a combat zone. Scenes of guerrilla warfare in South Vietnam. South Vietnam soldiers boarding a train to defend against Vietcong guerrilla attack. Image of explosion as railroad tracks are blown-up. South Vietnam soldiers firing from protection of armored rail cars.
By 1961 South Vietnam calls for urgent help from the United States. The United States responds with economic aid and military advisors. Image of U.S. military adviser holding a rifle weapon and instructing the South Vietnamese in the Vietnamese language how to use the weapon U.S. Advisor speaking Vietnamese. Shows South Vietnamese fighting the Vietcong. Captured Vietcong, some with arms tied. Shows U.S. doctors and medics aiding villagers in South Vietnam. Low aerial view of large number of helicopters on airfield. South Vietnam soldiers board Huey UH-1 helicopters. The Plasecki H-21 Troop Carrier helicopter also used in early stages of Vietnam war. High rate of South Vietnam combat losses.
President Johnson in August 1964 as he announce air action taken by the United States military in response to the Gulf of Tonkin incident. Image of the aircraft carrier USS Ticonderoga off coast of Vietnam. U.S. Navy pilots on USS Ticonderoga walking past camera wearing flight gear and carrying helmets. F-8 Crusader jets from the aircraft carrier USS Ticonderoga attacking targets in North Vietnam. Image of Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara. McNamara states the United States seeks no wider war. Images of captured shipment of Vietcong arms from China. CU image of mortar round with Chinese markings. Image of Ho Chi Minh at a table.